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The UN Sustainable development goals

Ever since the beginning of the Industrial Revolution, The human race has been consuming resources at an exponential rate. We are already trespassing the limits which can be tolerated by the earth. There is a grave danger to humans if we don’t act soon.


It is imperative for developing countries, as well as developed ones to develop in a manner that does not pose a threat to the environment. At the same time, Development must not be put at hold. Though at this point in time, It seems as if Development and Harmony are oxymorons.


The idea of Sustainable Development is to promote prosperity while protecting the environment. It means that ending poverty must go hand-in-hand with strategies that build economic growth and address a range of social needs including education, health, equality, and job opportunities while tackling climate change and working to preserve our ocean and forests.

The United Nations Sustainable development goals (SDGs) are a new, universal set of goals, targets, and indicators that UN member states will be expected to use to frame their agendas and political policies over the next 15 years. The SDGs follow and expand on, the millennium development goals (MDGs), which were agreed by governments in 2000.


There are around 17 goals, While the first 11 focus on Economic and social development, The other additions are related to building harmony with the environment. We’ll look at some of them in this blog, Namely Sustainable Development Goals 12,13 & 14.


Sustainable consumption and production are also outlined as goals as it will also help to achieve more employment and a better quality of life for all. By reducing the use of resources and pollution, it’s believed that economic activity will increase, thus bettering living conditions.


Sustainable consumption and production are about doing more and better with less. It is also about decoupling economic growth from environmental degradation, increasing resource efficiency, and promoting sustainable lifestyles.

Here are the three important goals among many others:

  • Implement the 10-year framework of programs on sustainable consumption and production, all countries taking action, with developed countries taking the lead, taking into account the development and capabilities of developing countries.

  • By 2030, achieve the sustainable management and efficient use of natural resources.

  • By 2030, halve per capita global food waste at the retail and consumer levels and reduce food losses along production and supply chains, including post-harvest losses.

Climate change is affecting every country on every continent. It is disrupting national economies and affecting lives. Weather patterns are changing, sea levels are rising, and weather events are becoming more extreme.


Although greenhouse gas emissions are projected to drop about 6 percent in 2020 due to travel bans and economic slowdowns resulting from the COVID-19 pandemic, this improvement is only temporary. Climate change is not on pause. Once the global economy begins to recover from the pandemic, emissions are expected to return to higher levels.


Here are the three important goals among many others:

  • Strengthen resilience and adaptive capacity to climate-related hazards and natural disasters in all countries.

  • Integrate climate change measures into national policies, strategies and planning.

  • Improve education, awareness-raising and human and institutional capacity on climate change mitigation, adaptation, impact reduction, and early warning

The ocean drives global systems that make the Earth habitable for humankind. Our rainwater, drinking water, weather, climate, coastlines, much of our food, and even the oxygen in the air we breathe, are all ultimately provided and regulated by the sea.


Here are the three important goals among many others:

  • By 2025, prevent and significantly reduce marine pollution of all kinds, in particular from land-based activities, including marine debris and nutrient pollution.

  • By 2020, sustainably manage and protect marine and coastal ecosystems to avoid significant adverse impacts, including by strengthening their resilience, and take action for their restoration in order to achieve healthy and productive oceans.

  • Minimize and address the impacts of ocean acidification, including through enhanced scientific cooperation at all levels.

This is only the first step towards a cleaner and healthier future. Mostly all Governments are happy with these proposed guidelines, but a handful of member states, including the UK and Japan, aren’t so keen. Some countries feel that an agenda consisting of 17 goals is too unwieldy to implement or sell to the public, and would prefer a narrower brief. Either way, This is a very bold step in the right direction.


Do you care about the environment? Wish to make a change? Have an idea to resolve issues? ELP is your chance.


We are excited to launch our first edition of the Ecochirp Launchpad program 2020 (ELP2020). ELP is the game-changer for all the budding enviropreneurs. It is a 12 weeks launchpad program for youth-led environmental solutions. This virtual launchpad program with weekly learning modules that includes webinars, mentoring sessions, and weekly tasks that will support you to launch your idea into a validated business plan.


Know more:  https://www.ecochirp.org/elp-2020


About the Author: Vignesh is an engineering student who's curious about everything above and below the sun. An Engineer by the day and electronic musician by night.

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