TACKLING CLIMATE CHANGE ?
The Republic of Korea has put forward a high standard of addressing climate change. The governing democratic party of Korea made a campaign proposal in March 2020 to reduce Korea’s emissions to net-zero by 2050. Experts say that reaching out to zero emissions is necessary to avoid the worst damage from climate change. The campaign manifesto suggested financing and increasing renewable energy as pathways to get there. The party won a landslide victory in legislative elections on April 15 and can now turn this promise into a reality. The world makes Korea the first country in Asia with a net-zero target.”
Climate change is real and it is accelerating. If we do not slow down now, it might even result in global extinction! The biggest contributing factor to climate change is the emission of greenhouse gases like Carbon Dioxide(CO2), Methane(CH4), ChlorofluoroCarbons(CFCs), etc. Therefore, to tackle climate change, it is necessary to deal with the mission of these gases.
The majority of CO2 emissions are due to the burning of fossil fuels in order to produce energy. And in order to reduce CO2 emissions, we need to completely stop burning fossil fuels and turn to other sources for energy production, which are more convenient and eco-friendly. Some of these eco-friendly energy sources are hydroelectricity, wind power, solar energy power plants.
In 2015, the United Nations adopted the 2030 agenda for sustainable development, 193 member countries, including India, committed to the 17 Sustainable Development Goals that required efforts to end poverty, provide healthcare and tackle climate change while ensuring no one is left behind.
Many countries have shown progress towards achieving these goals and so has India. But still, we are far from achieving them. Of the most polluted cities in the world, 21 out of 30 were in India in 2019. The capital city, New Delhi, generally observes poor air quality. And what’s startling is the fact that no Indian Parliamentarian has won the elections on the grounds of sustainable development. As a nature lover, I keep writing emails to the sitting Members of Parliament expressing my concern about the current environmental situation and rarely receive any reply. But concrete action is never taken regarding it.
In 2018, our Prime Minister Sh. Narendra Modi was awarded- ‘The Champion Of Earth Award’ by the United Nations. The same year, 7 of the world’s most polluted cities were reported Indian!
It is clear that the current policies regarding the environment need to be modified. Perhaps, it is ironic to have a ‘Swach Bharat’ whose air quality is so poor that people of its national capital suffocate! It is 2020 now, in the wake of COVID-19 pandemic, we can give a fresh start to our economy and rectify our previous mistakes. It is time we take inspiration from countries like South Korea and to aim the net-zero emission target. Because it is not just our obligation, instead our duty as the world’s second-largest population to protect and preserve our planet!
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About author - Aaditya is an inquisitive XII grade science student from Eastwood International School, Doomwali, Punjab. He is a nature lover. And has a youtube channel-'The Viking Show'.