Degrading Water Bodies: A Major Concern
In the 21st century, we have achieved so many technological feats that we could not have even imagined before. But the progress has come at a cost unquantifiable. In the process of chasing luxury, we have sacrificed some of the most precious gifts that mother nature gave us. One such lost present is- ‘The Seas and Oceans’.
Our rivers, lakes, seas, and oceans are drowning in chemicals, waste, plastic, and other pollutants. Unsafe water kills more people each year than war and all other forms of violence. About 1.8 million deaths were caused due to the use of unsafe water in 2015! Meanwhile, our drinkable water sources are limited. Less than 1% of the Earth’s freshwater resources are available to us!
The pollution caused by the contamination of water bodies, usually as a result of human activities. Water bodies include- lakes, rivers, oceans, and groundwater. It results when contaminants are introduced into the natural environment.
There are 3 major types of water pollution -
Groundwater pollution - In this type of pollution, the chemicals and fertilizers, which are water-soluble, seep into the ground and make groundwater unfit for use.
Surface water pollution - This type of pollution refers to the contamination of water resources above the surface of Earth which include- rivers, lakes, reservoirs, etc.
Marine pollution - It mainly includes the contamination of large water bodies like seas and oceans.
The Devastating Effects On Humans
Millions of people lose their lives each year due to the use of contaminated water. Every year, unsafe water sickens about 1 Billion people! And low-income communities are disproportionately at risk because their homes are often closest to the most polluting industries. Waterborne pathogens, in the form of disease-causing bacteria and viruses from human and animal waste, are a major cause of illness from contaminated drinking water. Diseases spread by unsafe water include cholera, giardia, and typhoid. Not just human beings, but marine life is also affected due to water pollution. Over 100,000 marine animals die every year from plastic entanglement and ingestion.
How can we prevent water pollution?
It is easy to comment on the factories and the industries causing pollution, but we are all accountable to some degree for the current predicament of water resources. Here are some steps which, if you follow, may help in reducing water pollution. And as a result, may save millions of lives.
Reduce plastic - Reducing your plastic consumption can greatly help reduce water pollution. So consider before buying plastic bags.
Decompose properly - One major water pollution causing reason is the careless decomposition of wastes. So make sure your waste management is proper.
Reuse - Reusing can be the best possible way you can help fight water pollution. We Indians are famously known for our ‘Jugaads’. It's time we get creative with our resources and start Reusing.
Don’t pollute - People carelessly litter water bodies with wastes thinking their small amount won’t cause much damage, but in reality, it causes water to contaminate. This has severely polluted rivers like Ganga and Yamuna.
Raise your voice - If you feel that water is being polluted in your area, then it is your responsibility to reach out to the local officials. Because only if our public is active and concerned, will we be able to eliminate water pollution!
Do you care about the environment? Wish to make a change? Have an idea to resolve issues? ELP is your chance.
We are excited to launch our first edition of the Ecochirp Launchpad program 2020 (ELP2020). ELP is the game-changer for all the budding enviropreneurs. It is a 12 weeks launchpad program for youth-led environmental solutions. This virtual launchpad program with weekly learning modules that includes webinars, mentoring sessions, and weekly tasks that will support you to launch your idea into a validated business plan.
Know more: https://www.ecochirp.org/events
About the Author: Aaditya is an inquisitive XII grade science student from Eastwood International School, Doomwali, Punjab. He is a nature lover. And has a youtube channel-'The Viking Show'.